11-17-11 Archaeological Analysis I - Classification Continued

11-17-11 Archaeological Analysis I - Classification Continued

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ANP203 Intro to Archaeology November 17, 2011 Archaeological Analysis I: Classification Continued Types Typology Artifacts divided up based on many characteristics that other people should be able to identify Categories of artifacts Lithics – stone objects o Divided according to source Not all people used stone of the same type May be important in terms of function o Divided up by production method Again may tie to function Hard hammer technique : Break stone with another stone, creates edge Soft hammer technique : Trims flakes to produce a finer form, more precise shape Pressure flaking : Produces very precise forms – removes the tiniest of flakes o Divided up by use Determine use by ethnographic analogy Determine use by wear on object itself Determine use by shape, form, and angle of edge o Reuse Ceramics – made of clay pliable medium o Source of clay o Technique of manufacture
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Unformatted text preview: - technology of people, use Coils – roll clay out (coiling) Modeling? Spin on a wheel Slip cast (using liquid clay, mold hollow vessels in plaster) o Finishing techniques Decoration – what vessel was intended for • Commemorative plates • 18 th century ceramic art – kind of like modern political cartoons • Can vary with time and place o Form : Can tell about use o Volume : Maybe how something is consumed Can tell about household size by volume of cooking pots • Architecture o Houses/buildings = giant artifacts, made to be permanent, involve cooperation of people living in it o Status – size of house, building material, architect o Function – subdivisions indicate separate acivities o Social inequality Lineage compounds in Teotihuacan Dividing up objects depends on question you need answered!...
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course ZOL 320 taught by Professor Kopachik during the Fall '11 term at UCSB.

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11-17-11 Archaeological Analysis I - Classification Continued

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