MDST_201_Final_Study_Guide - MDST 201 Final Study Guide...

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MDST 201 Final Study Guide Section Numero Uno: 1. Dhimmi – a. theoretical contract under Sharia that allows rights of residence for non-Muslims in return for taxes b. fewer legal/social obligations than Muslims, but more than other, unaccepted non- Muslims c. 2. Mozarab – a. Iberian Christians who lived under Arab-Islamic rule at Al-Andalus b. c. Some were Muslim converts to Christianity d. Dhimmi 3. Umayyad Dynasty (Sunni) – a. When: ruled 661-750 then fled to Spain and established the Cordoba caliphate which ruled until 1031 b. Where: westward to Hispania (across North Africa) – eastward to Persia and to c. overthrown by the Abbasid caliphate 4. Al-Andalus – a. Where: part of the Iberian penninsula governed by Muslims (Spain) b. province of the Umayyad caliphate c. under Cordoba, it was one of the leading cultural/economic centers of the Islamic world d. When: fell under Islamic rule in 711 after the Battle of Guadalete e. in conflict with Christian kingdoms to the north 5. Sufism – a. mystical branch of Islam b. transcends the divide between Sunni & Shi’a sects c. Sufi mystics were the driving force behind many people’s conversion to Islam 6. Charles Martel – a. Charles “The Hammer” Martel b. Battle of Tours (Poitiers) where he stopped Islamic advance in the West c. began conquest of Saxony 7. Admonitio Generalis a. Capitulary under Charlemagne b. concerning: b.i. religious education (mandatory)
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b.ii. behavior of clergy (no more getting married) b.iii. requirements for schools (every male had to have access to an education or had to learn to read) c. ordered everyone to start following the rules 8. Treaty of Verdun (843) – a. Divided the kingdom into East & West Francia b. solved fights over partible inheritance c. Lothar received littlest kingdom: “middle kingdom” d. Charles the Fat was the last king of a united Frankish empire 9. Hildegard – a. Charlemagne’s second wife (alliance with Swabbian court) b. married Charlemagne when she was 14 c. died from complications of the birth of her ninth child at age 26 d. married just to produce children for Charlemagne 10. Einhard - a. Charlemagne’s biographer (king’s private secretary) b. gained education as a monk under Charlemagne’s rule c. from the German speaking east d. knew Charlemagne him personally e. made him seem realistic and mighty – like a normal human 11. Notker the Stammerer – a. monk of St. Gall b. didn’t know Charlemagne personally c. glorified Charlemagne – made him seem god-like d. used funny stories/anecdotes/elements of mysticism to encourage Charles the Fat to live up to the glory of his ancestors e. pointed out the faults/flaws of the kingdom under Charles the Fat’s rules f. warned of the decline of the Carolingian dynasty & prompted Charles to embrace
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course ZOL 320 taught by Professor Kopachik during the Fall '11 term at UCSB.

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MDST_201_Final_Study_Guide - MDST 201 Final Study Guide...

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