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MDST_201_Final_Study_Guide - MDST 201 Final Study Guide...

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MDST 201 Final Study Guide Section Numero Uno: 1. Dhimmi – a. theoretical contract under Sharia that allows rights of residence for non-Muslims in return for taxes b. fewer legal/social obligations than Muslims, but more than other, unaccepted non- Muslims c. originally for Jews, Christians & Sabians 2. Mozarab – a. Iberian Christians who lived under Arab-Islamic rule at Al-Andalus b. Roman Catholics who adopted elements of Arab culture & language c. Some were Muslim converts to Christianity d. Dhimmi 3. Umayyad Dynasty (Sunni) – a. When: ruled 661-750 then fled to Spain and established the Cordoba caliphate which ruled until 1031 b. Where: westward to Hispania (across North Africa) – eastward to Persia and to modern-day Pakistan – extended direct rule across Africa, Europe & Asia c. overthrown by the Abbasid caliphate 4. Al-Andalus – a. Where: part of the Iberian penninsula governed by Muslims (Spain) b. province of the Umayyad caliphate c. under Cordoba, it was one of the leading cultural/economic centers of the Islamic world d. When: fell under Islamic rule in 711 after the Battle of Guadalete e. in conflict with Christian kingdoms to the north 5. Sufism – a. mystical branch of Islam b. transcends the divide between Sunni & Shi’a sects c. Sufi mystics were the driving force behind many people’s conversion to Islam 6. Charles Martel – a. Charles “The Hammer” Martel b. Battle of Tours (Poitiers) where he stopped Islamic advance in the West c. began conquest of Saxony 7. Admonitio Generalis a. Capitulary under Charlemagne b. concerning: b.i. religious education (mandatory)
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b.ii. behavior of clergy (no more getting married) b.iii. requirements for schools (every male had to have access to an education or had to learn to read) c. ordered everyone to start following the rules 8. Treaty of Verdun (843) – 9. Hildegard – 10. Einhard -
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