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11-15-11 Archaeological Analysis I - Classification

11-15-11 Archaeological Analysis I - Classification -...

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ANP203 Intro to Archaeology November 15, 2011 Archaeological Analysis I: Classification Artifact variability Categorize classification Sort objects according to characteristics into meaningful categories Categories must be: Explicitly defined o Any characteristic of an artifact may be related to behavior that produced it Classification by archaeologist o To determine significance, must know why you’re classifying them o Classification ≠ identification o Example: Change over time of ceramics Characteristics sensitive to time used o Example: Change in function Maybe classify by form Not predetermined – used to answer questions you’re studying Characteristics used for classification: Attributes Consistently recognizable – can be identified by others o Color, texture, material, etc. We assume objects that share more characteristics are more similar share all characteristics? Fall into a type : Formed on basis of common attributes.
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