11-22-11 Archaeological Analysis II - Inferring Time

11-22-11 Archaeological Analysis II - Inferring Time -...

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ANP203 Intro to Archaeology November 22, 2011 Archaeological Analysis II: Inferring Time Assemblage of materials: Objects in use together at one time Information contained in artifacts gives range of time during which they could be used Terminus post quem (TPQ): Beginning date of artifact that came into use LAST Assemblage could not have come together before this date Terminus ante quem (TAQ): Disuse date of artifact going out of use FIRST Marks range of time artifacts were used together Example: Tiffany lamp 1900 Still in use 21” Black and white TV 1957 1980 Carter button 1976 Could be collector’s item Punch top beer can 1974-1977 o TPQ: 1976 o TAQ: 1977 o Range: 1 year Chronology building : Organizing the past in time Involves combining various lines of evidence to create a dated history Two types: o Relative chronologies : No knowledge of exact time but events known due to relative order o Absolute chronologies : Precise time Relative chronologies used until technology allowed for absolute dating
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11-22-11 Archaeological Analysis II - Inferring Time -...

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