1-26-11 Nations, State, & Governments Notes

1-26-11 Nations, State, & Governments Notes -...

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Political Science Notes January 26, 2011 1. 2. Nation Building 3. a. Institutionalized Power b. c. Electoral Systems d. The State and the Economy Definition(s): Nation – a group of people who possess an awareness of shared likenesses, values, or commonalities and a desire to live under a common political entity or authority. State – a political community that occupy a definite territory with an organized government and possessing sovereignty. Elements of Statehood Territory Population Government Sovereignty In the U.S. we are consider a nation-state, we also have geographical units called states, but they are not sovereign. The United States of America as a whole is a sovereign state. Nation Building (definition not in text) – in the process of building a nation one may experience
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Unformatted text preview: crises. 1. Identity – fully identifying with a nation or country 2. Legitimacy – the rightfulness, validity, or legality of the government 3. Penetration – getting all citizens within to voluntarily obey national laws 4. Participation – allowing citizens to partake in all political processes 5. Distribution – sharing the resources of the nation to its citizens *Aristotle classified government in six ways: Legitimate Corrupt One Ruler Monarchy Tyrannical Few Rulers Aristocracy Oligarchy Many Rulers Polity Democracy (not based on today’s form of democracy) *Side Note: At one point in U.S. history, we did not have a common legal tender or currency, until the passing of the Legal Tender Act in 1862 (02/25/1862) this created paper money not redeemable on gold or silver....
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