Political Science Notes January 28, 2011 Institutionalized Power A. Geographical Distribution of Power 1. Unitary System a. A system of political organization in which most or all of the governing power resides in a centralized government. b. The concentration of power in a national or central government, which in turn delegates powers to geographical units, such as provinces or states. c. Geographical units only enjoy power at the will of the central government. d. Advantages are the equal division of resources among geographical units 2. Federal System (U.S. is the best model for this system) a. The powers of the government are constitutionally divided between a national government and its geographical units (states in the case of the U.S.) . b. Advantages are that individual citizens have a greater influence on the national government; citizens are closer to their government officials. c.
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