02-02-11 What is a Constitution

02-02-11 What is a Constitution - law.-Due Process (the...

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Political Science Notes February 02, 2011 What is a Constitution? - The set of documents setting forth the basic/fundamental rules used to govern a society. *Note: Hammurabi – was the 1 st law giver. He wrote the basic rules by which ancient Babylon (modern-day Iraq) would be governed. - Two examples of countries without constitutions are (these countries do have laws by which they are governed, which came from their ancient customs or practices developed over time and reconstructed for the modern-day) : Great Britain Israel - Most countries in the modern world have written constitutions. - Most constitutions contain Statutory Laws – laws which deal with specific sets of circumstances. Example: Minimum Wage Laws (is the body of law which prohibits employers from hiring employees or workers for less than a given hourly, daily or monthly minimum wage) . - Most constitutions also contain Fundamental Principles of Law – the principle that an individual is sovereign and free to do anything, except that which is forbidden by
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Unformatted text preview: law.-Due Process (the principle that the government must respect all of the legal rights that are owed to a person according to the law) would be a fundamental principle of law. Example a person cannot be denied life or property without the Due Process of the law. Due Process would be applied with the existing set of circumstances, as defined by Statutory Laws, to take action on behalf of or against a citizen. *Side Notes:-The U.S. Constitution has only been revised 27 times since its inception/adoption in 1789, and 17 of the revisions all came prior to 1791.-African-Americans are Disenfranchised (being deprived of the rights of citizenship) by the Due Process of the law. We are unfairly exploited by the voting restrictions placed on convicted felons because of our greater likely-hood of committing a crime due to our environments, social up-bringing, and lack of education....
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This note was uploaded on 12/23/2011 for the course POLS 11026 taught by Professor Dr.maec.king during the Spring '11 term at Howard.

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