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into to psych - Clinical and developmental psychology...

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Clinical and developmental psychology Psychoanalysis – 2 phases in the history of psychoanalysis: 1-freudian theory (invented by freud) 2-object relations theory (invented by Melanie klien) Freud developed psychoanalysis by observing only adult, not children. Then, the object relations ppl did a massive study of children and greatly improved psuchoanalysis. Object relations= modern psychoanalysis. Freud (1856-1939) Major psychological illness of the 19 th century: women suffering from hysteria. Why? Women had no rights: 1- not allowed to receive and education, use librarys, etc 2- husbands had all the $ 3-wife beating and abuse was considered honorable, necessary, etc 4- the entire legal system was in favor of the man against the woman. 5-when any girl was being raised she was being conditioned by her father to be a slave 6- passed on as slave when married 7- no escape 8- complete powerlessness from birth to death Hysteria (at the time meant female disease) Symptoms- heightened excitability, violent mood swings, depression (depression: comes from the person experiencing anger, which should be an outward emotion, however the emotions don’t go outward. The anger is reversed and goes inward.), phobias.
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Also many severe physical problems: -paralysis of the arms, hands, jaw, blindness ( she wants to hit, but cant so her unconscious mind freezez her arm) “men showed the same features after returning from war. However when a woman experienced the same problems it was considered hysteria” in modern time hysteria is called “ post traumatic stress disorder” the long severe stress that follows trauma. These womens symptoms are exactly the same as those of soilders returning from war no one in the 19 th century knew that trauma was the issue. For example: Charcot (French neurologist, at a large hospital/ asylum in paris) gave world famous lectures on effects of hypnotism on hysteria. Used hypnotic suggestions (instructions under hypnotism) to remove patients symptoms Freud, from Vienna came out and sat in the audience to watch his work, he was impressed. Charcot not interested in the cause of hysteria that he was temporarily curing, only in fame and temporarily altering the condition using hypnotic suggestion. Freud and janet, independently came up with the theory of the cause. CAUSE OF HYSTERIA: there will be two exams a midterm and a final: MIDTERM IS: November 7 th during class in same location
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FINAL IS: December 12 th during final class same location Causes of Hysteria: Patients have had traumatic experiences, these experiences leave memories that are too emotional to face. The memories are slpit-off from the rest of the mind. “Hidden” nevertheless the memories are so intense that they actually control the patients life – ex: paralyzing the arm etc freud saidL [purpose of hypnotism was to discover these memories and bring them into consciousness were they can be faced and UNITED * crucial word* with the rest of consciousness
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course PSYCH 102 taught by Professor Jared during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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into to psych - Clinical and developmental psychology...

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