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2-1.3.11 1bk prenatal infancy for bb

2-1.3.11 1bk prenatal infancy for bb - PrenatalandInfant...

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Prenatal and Infant  Development Modules 13-14   Remember :   If you have not registered your I-clicker  online, please do so! www. iclicker.com/register
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And Now: Developmental Psychology The study of patterns of stability and change in psychological processes over time. Historically, development was thought to be complete by adulthood Now, it is understood that developmental changes occur throughout the entire lifespan
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Developmental Psychology Issue Details Nature/Nurture How do genetic inheritance and  experience combine to  influence our behavior? Continuity/Stages Is developmental a gradual,  continuous process or a  sequence of separate stages? Stability/Change Do our early traits persist  through life, or do we become  different persons as we age?
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Stages vs. Continuity Stages Continuity Time
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The Major Players (Cheat Sheets) Bowbly: attachment theory: relationships Erikson: stage theory encompassing the human lifespan; overcoming a conflict. Freud: psychosexual stages satisfying urges and needs (ended at adolescence) Piaget: cognitive development: schema, assimilation, accommodation, equilibrium Watson, Pavlov, and Skinner: classical and operant conditioning: observable behaviors, reaction to rewards, punishments, stimuli, and reinforcement
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Bowlby: Characteristics of Attachment Proximity Maintenance - The desire to be near attachment figure Safe Haven - attachment figure as safe haven Secure Base - base of security for exploring the world Separation Distress - distress when separating from the attachment figure. Child Adult Secure separates trusts seeks comfort good self-esteem happy upon return comfortable sharing feelings prefers parents to strangers seeks social support Ambivalent wary of strangers avoids becoming close great distress on separation insecurity (doesn't feel loved) not comforted by parent's return
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