09-30-10 motiv and hunger

09-30-10 motiv and hunger - MotivationandHunger...

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Motivation and Hunger Modules 36 and 37 September 30, 2010
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Motivation Motivation  is a need or  desire that  energizes   behavior and  directs  it  towards a goal.
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Perspectives on Motivation Four theoretical perspectives to explain motivation:  1. Instinct Theory. 2. Drive-Reduction Theory. 3. Optimum Arousal Theory. 4. Hierarchy of Motives.
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Instinct Theory Instincts  are complex behaviors that have fixed patterns  throughout a species and are not learned. Behaviors are motivated by instincts. Problem : Instinct theory does not  explain  behavior. Humans are much less rigidly constrained by instinct than  most other species.
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Evolutionary theories Some motives may be shaped through evolution and natural selection Affiliation Dominance Achievement May have adaptive value
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Drive-Reduction Theory Drive : aroused tension state produced by a physiological need that motivates an organism to satisfy the need. Homeostasis: state of physiological equilibrium. Internal states push behavior
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Incentives —positive or negative stimuli in the environment that pull
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course PSYCH 102 taught by Professor Jared during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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09-30-10 motiv and hunger - MotivationandHunger...

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