12-2-08 therapies and evaluation-1

12-2-08 therapies and evaluation-1 -...

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Psychological Therapies and  Evaluating Their  Effectiveness Modules 52 & 53
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ANNOUNCEMENTS:  PLEASE fill out your class evaluations!  You can  do so at http://sakai.rutgers.edu If you have not yet completed your R-points  requirement, you must do so! The final exam is May 5 at 6 PM.  YOU MUST  BE IN THE ROOM BY 6:20 or you will not be  allowed to take the exam!
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A person who is given a sugar pill and told it will improve her depression will likely experience: A. No change in her condition because sugar pills don’t help depression. B. Actual improvement because she believes that her depression will get better. C. A worsening of her condition because she expects to get better and isn’t.
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History of Treatment of  Psychological Disorders Only recently have people advocated for humane  treatment for those suffering from mental illness.
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Who seeks therapy? Age, gender, race, education, marital status all affect likelihood of seeking treatment. Insurance!! Many in therapy do not meet criteria for diagnosable mental illness. Many who need help (and know it!) do not seek treatment. Stigma Cost
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Therapies Psychotherapy  involves an emotionally charged,  confiding interaction between a trained therapist and  a patient seeking help. Biomedical therapy  uses drugs or other procedures  that act on the patient’s nervous system to alleviate  symptoms of psychological disorders. An  eclectic approach  uses various forms of healing  techniques depending on the client’s unique  problems.
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Psychotherapies Insight therapies: “talk therapy” where patients engage in complex verbal interaction with therapist. Goal is to increase insight into problems and causes and to explore solutions. Behavior therapies: based on learning principles. Focus on changing current behaviors.
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Freudian Psychoanalysis:  Theory and Goals Psychological problems originate from repressed  impulses and conflicts in childhood. The goal of psychoanalysis is to bring repressed  (shameful, sensitive) feelings into conscious  awareness where the patient can deal with them. When energy devoted to id-ego-superego conflict  is released, the patient’s anxiety lessens.
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Psychoanalysis: Methods Freud developed the method of  free association  to  unravel the unconscious mind and its conflicts. The patient lies on a couch and says whatever comes  to his mind.
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Psychoanalysis: Methods Patients avoid anxiety-producing thoughts and  emotions by editing, omitting or deflecting them.  Resistance  is a sign of hidden anxiety. Analyst points out and 
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12-2-08 therapies and evaluation-1 -...

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