modifying illness behaviors

modifying illness behaviors - ModifyingIllnessRelated...

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Modifying Illness-Related  Behaviors
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Nutrition and Weight Control In evolutionary time,  starvation was a real  danger. Our bodies are ideally  adapted to prevent  starvation.  In times of famine  overweight bodies signaled  affluence.
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Current Social Effects of Obesity Stereotype : slow, lazy,  sloppy. Weight discrimination  still socially  acceptable  Subjects less likely to  hire job applicants  made to look  overweight.
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Body Mass Index (BMI) Obesity increases the  risk of heart disease,  diabetes, high blood  pressure, gallstones,  arthritis, cancer,  musculo-skeletal pain.
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Obesity and Mortality
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The Genetic Factor Twin and adoption studies reveal that body weight is  highly heritable.
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Physiology of Obesity Fat Cells:  There are 30-40 million fat cells in the body.  These cells can increase in size and number (75  million) in an obese individual. Though weight loss shrinks size, it does not decrease  number.
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Weight gain decreases metabolism, increases weight  set point, and makes weight loss HARD. When obese people eat less, body acts as though it is  being starved. Obese body defends weight by conserving energy.
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course PSYCH 102 taught by Professor Jared during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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modifying illness behaviors - ModifyingIllnessRelated...

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