AFP Final Exam - AFP Final Exam Media and US Foreign Policy...

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AFP Final Exam Media and US Foreign Policy Foreign policy coverage since WWII During WWII, coverage by American news media reflected/reinforced US government’s war effort o Media tried to rally support for government’s cause; “times of war are also times of immense nationalism” o Government censored media and conducted a massive propaganda campaign to maximize public support and minimize dissent o Media portrayed images of the enemy for the public; depicted allied countries as “righteous defenders of democracy and freedom”, and Axis powers as aggressive and “evil” Contributed to “West Coast” hysteria, internment of Japanese Americans in concentration camps during the war o Stressed value of Soviet-American friendship and continued cooperation after war Popularized Soviet Union as a great ally to US, referring to Joseph Stalin as “Uncle Joe” Helped create unrealistic expectations about Soviet-American friendship, which exacerbated tense relations post-WWII During Cold War, news media coverage reflected/reinforced anticommunist societal and governmental consensus o Administrations of Truman and Eisenhower used media to communicate fears, educate public, and rally support for containment policy Media coverage led to rise and fall of McCarthyism o No effort from government to censor media because there was already a public consensus of thought (ex: McCarthyism) o Large portion of the media worked closely (knowingly and unknowingly) with the CIA Raised concerns about manipulation of the US public, and “damage to the credibility and independence of a free press” Since Vietnam War, news media coverage more greatly reflects diverse views, and has become less consistently supportive of the government’s foreign policy o Earlier media coverage (late 1950s/early 1960s) supported government’s position and promoted Americanization of Vietnam War; mid and late 1960s coverage became more critical of government While there was consensus within the government, media supported government policy; when governmental dissent increased (in Congress and in Johnson administration), coverage became more critical of war and policies o Late 1960s/early 1970s coverage reflected collapse of anticommunist consensus in government and society Watergate scandal represents the media becoming independent from the government and focused on investigative reporting
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Media is now more likely to be diverse in coverage of foreign policy, rely more on sources of information in society and policymaking process, and present news in a more critical way o Media support and criticism depends on specific events and environment at the time Characteristics of nature of mass media/journalism in US Media has become concentrated o Once dominant independently owned newspapers have been replaced by large media chains About 7 media corporations controlling all channels on television, and 5 owning over 300 radio stations 6 firms dominate most of American mass media today (General Electric,
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This note was uploaded on 12/23/2011 for the course POLI SCI 319 taught by Professor Christopherweimar during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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AFP Final Exam - AFP Final Exam Media and US Foreign Policy...

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