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NEW IRELAND NOTES -Example of inaccuracy of term: ‘Ancestor Figure’ New Ireland is the Island of Bismarck archipelago of Oceania, now a part of Papua, New Guinea o Colonized by the Germans at the end of the 19 th century, rapid cultural change since then o Methodist and catholic missionaries succeeded in totally transforming / stopping Malanggan ceremonies by about 1925-1930 (now none in use) Work presented by Brigitte Derlon, consists of a reconstruction based on historical sources, museum documentation, and field work with New Ireland elders between 1983 and 1984 1). Two types of death: normal and violent Normally dead can enter paradise (called Kantimun), land of the sun and moon gods, if their relatives sacrificed a pig which was supposedly eaten by the giant who guarded the road to paradise. Then, the dead person could plunge into the spring which was the gate to Kanimun o 3 day journey to the land of the dead and 3 day 1 st funeral Violently dead (murdered, captured by enemy and eaten, suicides, disappearances in the forest, etc) condemned to lurk around the ocean, rain clouds, tops of tall trees, sometimes took bird form – never entered Kantimun even if a Malanggan was performed for them 2). Treatment of Malanggan objects parallels to treatment of corpse: Corpse can be burnt, dried out and deposited in a grotto, buried upright leaving the head out of the ground so that it could be cut off and preserved as a relic, wrapped in mat, ballast attached and flung into the ocean, adolescent bodies and bodies killed by sorcery enveloped in a packet of leaves and bark and hung in mens’ houses 3). 1 st funeral took place immediately after death, body painted red with red line down the middle of the face, one side black one side yellow Corpse held in place by bamboo chair, poles and strings 4). 2 nd funeral took place 3 years after 1 st funeral if the family had enough money 2 nd funeral included 3 phases o Commission and secret manufacture of Malanggan objects by men of specific lineages and clans
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This note was uploaded on 12/22/2011 for the course ART HIST 250 taught by Professor Brett-smith during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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