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# lecture1610 - Therefore, we can calculate the steady state...

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ME 563 Mechanical Vibrations Lecture #16 Forced Response (Step Input, Harmonic Excitation)

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Free + Forced Response 1 Because the equations we are solving are linear in nature, we can simply add the free and forced response components to obtain the total (general) solution to the equations of motion: Now we will consider several different forms of f(t) .
Each Part of the Solution 2

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Step Inputs 3 If we release the disc on an incline from the position x=0, the response we obtain is the step response to a constant input. + Complementary Particular
Step Inputs 4 After applying zero initial conditions, the following solution is obtained:

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Step Inputs 5 Transient response S.S. response
Step Inputs 6 In MATLAB, we use the step(sys) command to calculate and plot the step response.

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Harmonic Inputs 7 Every periodic input force, f(t) , can be described exactly over one period, t=0 to T sec, using a Fourier series:

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Unformatted text preview: Therefore, we can calculate the steady state response to any periodic force using a sum of responses to sinusoidal forces. Real Fourier series Complex Fourier series Harmonic Inputs 8 If we consider a cosinusoidal input force: and assume the response is of the form, then: x p (t)=X p cos( ω t+ φ p ) Harmonic Inputs 9 If we consider a co-sinusoidal input force, : then the relative amplitude and phase of the response are: x p (t)=X p cos( ω t+ φ p ) Frequency Response Functions 10 Normalized expressions using modal parameters Sometimes called Bode Diagrams Total Response 11 As with the step response, we now must add the steady state (particular) response to the free response to obtain the total response expression: Some Examples (C=0)… 12 Resonant response of Response near a resonant undamped system frequency of vibration...
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lecture1610 - Therefore, we can calculate the steady state...

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