Lecture 2 - Chemistry of Life Biomolecules Biomolecules...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Chemistry of Life Biomolecules
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Biomolecules Organic molecules Macromolecules 4 classes
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Biomolecules Most are polymers that are built from monomers Polymer Monomer
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Making and Breaking Polymers Chemical mechanisms used to make and break polymers are basically the same for all biomolecules
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Making Polymers Dehydration synthesis
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Breaking Polymers Hydrolysis
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Carbohydrates Functions Structure
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Monosaccharides Single sugars
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Glucose (C6H12O6)
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Disaccharides Double sugars
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Sucrose (C12H22O11)
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Polysaccharides Complex carbohydrates
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Glycogen Mitochondria Giycogen granules 0.5 “ m Glycogen
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Starch Chloroplast Starch 1 i m
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Cellulose
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Proteins Functions Structure
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Amino Acids Monomer subunit of proteins 20 different amino acids
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Peptides
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Dipeptide
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Polypeptides
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Proteins
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Amino acid subunits o o Gly ProThr Gly Thr Gly Glu Seu Lys Cys Pro Leu Met Val Lys Val Leu Asp AlaVal Arg Gly Ser Pro Ala Gly l e Ser
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course BIO 309D taught by Professor Jessicawandelt during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Lecture 2 - Chemistry of Life Biomolecules Biomolecules...

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