Discontent and Refor9

Discontent and Refor9 - When rioting ensued, President...

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Discontent and Reform Late-19th century American farmers experienced recurring periods of hardship In 1892, at Carnegie's steel works in Homestead, Pennsylvania, a group of 300  Pinkerton detectives the company had hired to break a bitter strike by the Amalgamated  Association of Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers fought a fierce and losing gun battle with  strikers.  The National Guard was called in to protect non-union workers and the strike  was broken. Unions were not let back into the plant until 1937. In 1894, wage cuts at the Pullman Company just outside Chicago led to a strike, which,  with the support of the American Railway Union, soon tied up much of the country's rail  system. As the situation deteriorated, U.S. Attorney General Richard Olney, himself a  former railroad lawyer, deputized over 3,000 men in an attempt to keep the rails open.  This was followed by a federal court injunction against union interference with the trains. 
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Unformatted text preview: When rioting ensued, President Cleveland sent in federal troops, and the strike was eventually broken. The most militant of the strike-favoring unions was the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). Formed from an amalgam of unions fighting for better conditions in the West's mining industry, the IWW, or "Wobblies" as they were commonly known, gained particular prominence from the Colorado mine clashes of 1903 and the singularly brutal fashion in which they were put down. Influenced by militant anarchism and openly calling for class warfare, the Wobblies gained many adherents after they won a difficult strike battle in the textile mills of Lawrence, Massachusetts, in 1912. Their call for work stoppages in the midst of World War I, however, led to a government crackdown in 1917 that virtually destroyed them....
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