Unformatted text preview: state and local authorities, few of whom were as responsive to the workers as they were to wealthy industrialists. The laissez-faire capitalism that dominated the second half of the 19th century and fostered huge concentrations of wealth and power was backed by a judiciary that time and again ruled against those who challenged the system. In this, they were merely following the prevailing philosophy of the times. Drawing on a simplified understanding of Darwinian science, many social thinkers believed that both the growth of large business at the expense of small enterprise and the wealth of a few alongside the poverty of many was “survival of the fittest,” and an unavoidable by-product of progress....
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- Fall '10
- Massachusetts, 10 hours, century American farmers, child factory workers