Discontent and ReformLate-19th century American farmers experienced recurring periods of hardshipAmerican workers, especially the skilled among them, appear to have lived at least as well as their counterparts in industrial Europe. Still, the social costs were high. As late as the year 1900, the United States had the highest job-related fatality rate of any industrialized nation in the world. Most industrial workers still worked a 10-hour day (12 hours in the steel industry), yet earned less than the minimum deemed necessary for a decent life. The number of children in the work force doubled between 1870 and 1900.The first major effort to organize workers' groups on a nationwide basis appeared with
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Jay Gould, century American farmers, hardship American workers, highest jobrelated fatality