Discontent and Refo10

Discontent and Refo10 - response to a 10-percent pay cut....

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Discontent and Reform Late-19th century American farmers experienced recurring periods of hardship Their place in the labor movement was gradually taken by the American Federation of  Labor (AFL).  Rather than open membership to all, the AFL, under former cigar union  official Samuel Gompers, was a group of unions focused on skilled workers.  Its  objectives were "pure and simple" and apolitical: increasing wages, reducing hours, and  improving working conditions. It did much to turn the labor movement away from the  socialist views of most European labor movements. Nonetheless, both before the founding of the AFL and after, American labor history was  violent.  In the Great Rail Strike of 1877, rail workers across the nation went out in 
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: response to a 10-percent pay cut. Attempts to break the strike led to rioting and wide-scale destruction in several cities: Baltimore, Maryland; Chicago, Illinois; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Buffalo, New York; and San Francisco, California. Federal troops had to be sent to several locations before the strike was ended. Nine years later, in Chicago’s Haymarket Square incident, someone threw a bomb at police about to break up an anarchist rally in support of an ongoing strike at the McCormick Harvester Company in Chicago. In the ensuing melee, seven policemen and at least four workers were reported killed. Some 60 police officers were injured....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course AMH AMH2010 taught by Professor Pietrzak during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online