Discontent and Refor6

Discontent and Refor6 - improve the conditions under which...

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Discontent and Reform Late-19th century American farmers experienced recurring periods of hardship In his sensational novel,  The Jungle , Upton Sinclair exposed unsanitary conditions in  the great Chicago meat-packing houses and condemned the grip of the beef trust on  the nation's meat supply. Theodore Dreiser, in his novels  The Financier  and  The  Titan, made it easy for laymen to understand the machinations of big business.  Frank  Norris's  The Octopus  assailed amoral railroad management; his  The Pit  depicted secret  manipulations on the Chicago grain market.  Lincoln Steffens's  The Shame of the  Cities  bared local political corruption. This "literature of exposure" roused people to  action. The hammering impact of uncompromising writers and an increasingly aroused public  spurred political leaders to take practical measures. Many states enacted laws to 
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Unformatted text preview: improve the conditions under which people lived and worked. At the urging of such prominent social critics as Jane Addams, child labor laws were strengthened and new ones adopted, raising age limits, shortening work hours, restricting night work, and requiring school attendance. ROOSEVELT'S REFORMS By the early 20th century, most of the larger cities and more than half the states had established an eight-hour day on public works. Equally important were the workman's compensation laws, which made employers legally responsible for injuries sustained by employees at work. New revenue laws were also enacted, which, by taxing inheritances, incomes, and the property or earnings of corporations, sought to place the burden of government on those best able to pay....
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course AMH AMH2010 taught by Professor Pietrzak during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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