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Discontent and Refor3 - sponsored the enactment of two...

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Discontent and Reform Late-19th century American farmers experienced recurring periods of hardship TAFT AND WILSON Roosevelt's popularity was at its peak as the campaign of 1908 neared, but he was  unwilling to break the tradition by which no president had held office for more than two  terms. Instead, he supported William Howard Taft, who had served under him as  governor of the Philippines and secretary of war.  Taft, pledging to continue Roosevelt’s  programs, defeated Bryan, who was running for the third and last time. The new president continued the prosecution of trusts with less discrimination than  Roosevelt, further strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission, established a  postal savings bank and a parcel post system, expanded the civil service, and 
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Unformatted text preview: sponsored the enactment of two amendments to the Constitution, both adopted in 1913. The 16th Amendment, ratified just before Taft left office, authorized a federal income tax; the 17th Amendment, approved a few months later, mandated the direct election of senators by the people, instead of state legislatures. Yet balanced against these progressive measures was Taft's acceptance of a new tariff with higher protective schedules; his opposition to the entry of the state of Arizona into the Union because of its liberal constitution; and his growing reliance on the conservative wing of his party....
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