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The Civil War and Reconstructi16

The Civil War and Reconstructi16 - His speech closed with a...

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The Civil War and Reconstruction Lincoln’s leadership and end of slavery SECESSION AND CIVIL WAR Lincoln's victory in the presidential election of November 1860 made South Carolina's  secession from the Union December 20 a foregone conclusion. The state had long been  waiting for an event that would unite the South against the antislavery forces. By  February 1, 1861, five more Southern states had seceded. On February 8, the six states  signed a provisional constitution for the Confederate States of America. The remaining  Southern states as yet remained in the Union, although Texas had begun to move on its  secession. Less than a month later, March 4, 1861, Abraham Lincoln was sworn in as president of  the United States. In his inaugural address, he declared the Confederacy "legally void." 
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Unformatted text preview: His speech closed with a plea for restoration of the bonds of union, but the South turned a deaf ear. On April 12, Confederate guns opened fire on the federal garrison at Fort Sumter in the Charleston, South Carolina, harbor. A war had begun in which more Americans would die than in any other conflict before or since. In the seven states that had seceded, the people responded positively to the Confederate action and the leadership of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Both sides now tensely awaited the action of the slave states that thus far had remained loyal. Virginia seceded on April 17; Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina followed quickly....
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