The Civil War and Reconstructi15

The Civil War and Reconstructi15 - were arrayed against 11...

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The Civil War and Reconstruction Lincoln’s leadership and end of slavery No state left the Union with greater reluctance than Virginia. Her statesmen had a  leading part in the winning of the Revolution and the framing of the Constitution, and  she had provided the nation with five presidents.  With Virginia went Colonel Robert E.  Lee, who declined the command of the Union Army out of loyalty to his native state. Between the enlarged Confederacy and the free-soil North lay the border slave states of  Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, which, despite some sympathy with the  South, would remain loyal to the Union. Each side entered the war with high hopes for an early victory. In material resources the  North enjoyed a decided advantage. Twenty-three states with a population of 22 million 
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Unformatted text preview: were arrayed against 11 states inhabited by nine million, including slaves. The industrial superiority of the North exceeded even its preponderance in population, providing it with abundant facilities for manufacturing arms and ammunition, clothing, and other supplies. It had a greatly superior railway network. The South nonetheless had certain advantages. The most important was geography; the South was fighting a defensive war on its own territory. It could establish its independence simply by beating off the Northern armies. The South also had a stronger military tradition, and possessed the more experienced military leaders....
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