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The Civil War and Reconstructi13

The Civil War and Reconstructi13 - In Virginia by contrast...

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The Civil War and Reconstruction Lincoln’s leadership and end of slavery In the Mississippi Valley, the Union forces won an almost uninterrupted series of  victories. They began by breaking a long Confederate line in Tennessee, thus making it  possible to occupy almost all the western part of the state.  When the important  Mississippi River port of Memphis was taken, Union troops advanced some 320  kilometers into the heart of the Confederacy. With the tenacious General Ulysses S.  Grant in command, they withstood a sudden Confederate counterattack at Shiloh, on  the bluffs overlooking the Tennessee River.  Those killed and wounded at Shiloh  numbered more than 10,000 on each side, a casualty rate that Americans had never  before experienced. But it was only the beginning of the carnage.
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Unformatted text preview: In Virginia, by contrast, Union troops continued to meet one defeat after another in a succession of bloody attempts to capture Richmond, the Confederate capital. The Confederates enjoyed strong defense positions afforded by numerous streams cutting the road between Washington and Richmond. Their two best generals, Robert E. Lee and Thomas J. ("Stonewall") Jackson, both far surpassed in ability their early Union counterparts. In 1862 Union commander George McClellan made a slow, excessively cautious attempt to seize Richmond. But in the Seven Days' Battles between June 25 and July 1, the Union troops were driven steadily backward, both sides suffering terrible losses....
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