The Civil War and Reconstructi12

The Civil War and Reconstructi12 - nonetheless momentous...

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The Civil War and Reconstruction Lincoln’s leadership and end of slavery After another Confederate victory at the Second Battle of Bull Run (or Second  Manassas), Lee crossed the Potomac River and invaded Maryland. McClellan again  responded tentatively, despite learning that Lee had split his army and was heavily  outnumbered. The Union and Confederate Armies met at Antietam Creek, near  Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17, 1862, in the bloodiest single day of the war:  More than 4,000 died on both sides and 18,000 were wounded.  Despite his numerical  advantage, however, McClellan failed to break Lee's lines or press the attack, and Lee  was able to retreat across the Potomac with his army intact. As a result, Lincoln fired  McClellan. Although Antietam was inconclusive in military terms, its consequences were 
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Unformatted text preview: nonetheless momentous. Great Britain and France, both on the verge of recognizing the Confederacy, delayed their decision, and the South never received the diplomatic recognition and the economic aid from Europe that it desperately sought. Antietam also gave Lincoln the opening he needed to issue the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that as of January 1, 1863, all slaves in states rebelling against the Union were free. In practical terms, the proclamation had little immediate impact; it freed slaves only in the Confederate states, while leaving slavery intact in the border states. Politically, however, it meant that in addition to preserving the Union, the abolition of slavery was now a declared objective of the Union war effort....
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