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The Civil War and Reconstructi11

The Civil War and Reconstructi11 - 29,500 served in the...

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The Civil War and Reconstruction Lincoln’s leadership and end of slavery The final Emancipation Proclamation, issued January 1, 1863, also authorized the  recruitment of African Americans into the Union Army, a move abolitionist leaders such  as Frederick Douglass had been urging since the beginning of armed conflict.  Union  forces already had been sheltering escaped slaves as "contraband of war," but following  the Emancipation Proclamation, the Union Army recruited and trained regiments of  African-American soldiers that fought with distinction in battles from Virginia to the  Mississippi. About 178,000 African Americans served in the U.S. Colored Troops, and 
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Unformatted text preview: 29,500 served in the Union Navy. Despite the political gains represented by the Emancipation Proclamation, however, the North's military prospects in the East remained bleak as Lee's Army of Northern Virginia continued to maul the Union Army of the Potomac, first at Fredericksburg, Virginia, in December 1862 and then at Chancellorsville in May 1863. But Chancellorsville, although one of Lee's most brilliant military victories, was also one of his most costly. His most valued lieutenant, General “Stonewall” Jackson, was mistakenly shot and killed by his own men....
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