The Civil War and Reconstructi10

The Civil War and Reconstructi10 - in U.S. history. He...

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The Civil War and Reconstruction Lincoln’s leadership and end of slavery GETTYSBURG TO APPOMATTOX Yet none of the Confederate victories was decisive. The Union simply mustered new  armies and tried again. Believing that the North's crushing defeat at Chancellorsville  gave him his chance, Lee struck northward into Pennsylvania at the beginning of July  1863, almost reaching the state capital at Harrisburg. A strong Union force intercepted  him at Gettysburg, where, in a titanic threeday battle – the largest of the Civil War – the  Confederates made a valiant effort to break the Union lines. They failed, and on July 4  Lee's army, after crippling losses, retreated behind the Potomac. More than 3,000 Union soldiers and almost 4,000 Confederates died at Gettysburg;  wounded and missing totaled more than 20,000 on each side. On November 19, 1863,  Lincoln dedicated a new national cemetery there with perhaps the most famous address 
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Unformatted text preview: in U.S. history. He concluded his brief remarks with these words: ... we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. On the Mississippi, Union control had been blocked at Vicksburg, where the Confederates had strongly fortified themselves on bluffs too high for naval attack. In early 1863 Grant began to move below and around Vicksburg, subjecting it to a sixweek siege. On July 4, he captured the town, together with the strongest Confederate Army in the West. The river was now entirely in Union hands. The Confederacy was broken in two, and it became almost impossible to bring supplies from Texas and Arkansas....
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