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The Civil War and Reconstructio9

The Civil War and Reconstructio9 - In the West Union forces...

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The Civil War and Reconstruction Lincoln’s leadership and end of slavery The Northern victories at Vicksburg and Gettysburg in July 1863 marked the turning  point of the war, although the bloodshed continued unabated for more than a year-and- a-half. Lincoln brought Grant east and made him commander-in-chief of all Union forces. In  May 1864 Grant advanced deep into Virginia and met Lee's Confederate Army in the  three-day Battle of the Wilderness. Losses on both sides were heavy, but unlike other  Union commanders, Grant refused to retreat.  Instead, he attempted to outflank Lee,  stretching the Confederate lines and pounding away with artillery and infantry attacks. "I  propose to fight it out along this line if it takes all summer," the Union commander said at  Spotsylvania, during five days of bloody trench warfare that characterized fighting on the  eastern front for almost a year.
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Unformatted text preview: In the West, Union forces gained control of Tennessee in the fall of 1863 with victories at Chattanooga and nearby Lookout Mountain, opening the way for General William T. Sherman to invade Georgia. Sherman outmaneuvered several smaller Confederate armies, occupied the state capital of Atlanta, then marched to the Atlantic coast, systematically destroying railroads, factories, warehouses, and other facilities in his path. His men, cut off from their normal supply lines, ravaged the countryside for food. From the coast, Sherman marched northward; by February 1865, he had taken Charleston, South Carolina, where the first shots of the Civil War had been fired. Sherman, more than any other Union general, understood that destroying the will and morale of the South was as important as defeating its armies....
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