The Civil War and Reconstructio6

The Civil War and Reconstructio6 - Throughout the summer of...

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The Civil War and Reconstruction Lincoln’s leadership and end of slavery Congress rejected this plan.  Many Republicans feared it would simply entrench former  rebels in power; they challenged Lincoln's right to deal with the rebel states without  consultation. Some members of Congress advocated severe punishment for all the  seceded states; others simply felt the war would have been in vain if the old Southern  establishment was restored to power. Yet even before the war was wholly over, new  governments had been set up in Virginia, Tennessee, Arkansas, and Louisiana. To deal with one of its major concerns – the condition of former slaves – Congress  established the Freedmen's Bureau in March 1865 to act as guardian over African  Americans and guide them toward self-support. And in December of that year, Congress  ratified the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which abolished slavery.
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Unformatted text preview: Throughout the summer of 1865 Johnson proceeded to carry out Lincoln's reconstruction program, with minor modifications. By presidential proclamation he appointed a governor for each of the former Confederate states and freely restored political rights to many Southerners through use of presidential pardons. In due time conventions were held in each of the former Confederate states to repeal the ordinances of secession, repudiate the war debt, and draft new state constitutions. Eventually a native Unionist became governor in each state with authority to convoke a convention of loyal voters. Johnson called upon each convention to invalidate the secession, abolish slavery, repudiate all debts that went to aid the Confederacy, and ratify the 13th Amendment. By the end of 1865, this process was completed, with a few exceptions....
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