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The Civil War and Reconstructio8

The Civil War and Reconstructio8 - WITH MALICE TOWARD NONE...

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The Civil War and Reconstruction Lincoln’s leadership and end of slavery Grant, meanwhile, lay siege to Petersburg, Virginia, for nine months, before Lee, in  March 1865, knew that he had to abandon both Petersburg and the Confederate capital  of Richmond in an attempt to retreat south. But it was too late.  On April 9, 1865,  surrounded by huge Union armies, Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox  Courthouse. Although scattered fighting continued elsewhere for several months, the  Civil War was over. The terms of surrender at Appomattox were magnanimous, and on his return from his  meeting with Lee, Grant quieted the noisy demonstrations of his soldiers by reminding  them: "The rebels are our countrymen again." The war for Southern independence had  become the "lost cause," whose hero, Robert E. Lee, had won wide admiration through  the brilliance of his leadership and his greatness in defeat.
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Unformatted text preview: WITH MALICE TOWARD NONE For the North, the war produced a still greater hero in Abraham Lincoln – a man eager, above all else, to weld the Union together again, not by force and repression but by warmth and generosity. In 1864 he had been elected for a second term as president, defeating his Democratic opponent, George McClellan, the general he had dismissed after Antietam. Lincoln's second inaugural address closed with these words: With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds; to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan – to do all which may achieve and cherish a just, and a lasting peace, among ourselves, and with all nations....
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