Growth and Transformatio8

Growth and Transformatio8 - Lodge, and Elihu Root, felt...

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Growth and Transformation After two great wars, the United States comes of age AMBIVALENT EMPIRE The last decades of the 19th century were a period of imperial expansion for the United  States. The American story took a different course from that of its European rivals,  however, because of the U.S. history of struggle against European empires and its  unique democratic development. The sources of American expansionism in the late 19th century were varied.   Internationally, the period was one of imperialist frenzy, as European powers raced to  carve up Africa and competed, along with Japan, for influence and trade in Asia.  Many  Americans, including influential figures such as Theodore Roosevelt, Henry Cabot 
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Unformatted text preview: Lodge, and Elihu Root, felt that to safeguard its own interests, the United States had to stake out spheres of economic influence as well. That view was seconded by a powerful naval lobby, which called for an expanded fleet and network of overseas ports as essential to the economic and political security of the nation. More generally, the doctrine of manifest destiny, first used to justify America's continental expansion, was now revived to assert that the United States had a right and duty to extend its influence and civilization in the Western Hemisphere and the Caribbean, as well as across the Pacific....
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