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The Civil War and Reconstructio5

The Civil War and Reconstructio5 - Johnson had continued...

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The Civil War and Reconstruction Lincoln’s leadership and end of slavery RADICAL RECONSTRUCTION Both Lincoln and Johnson had foreseen that the Congress would have the right to deny  Southern legislators seats in the U.S. Senate or House of Representatives, under the  clause of the Constitution that says, "Each house shall be the judge of the ...  qualifications of its own members." This came to pass when, under the leadership of  Thaddeus Stevens, those congressmen called "Radical Republicans," who were wary of  a quick and easy “reconstruction,” refused to seat newly elected Southern senators and  representatives.  Within the next few months, Congress proceeded to work out a plan  for the reconstruction of the South quite different from the one Lincoln had started and 
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Unformatted text preview: Johnson had continued. Wide public support gradually developed for those members of Congress who believed that African Americans should be given full citizenship. By July 1866, Congress had passed a civil rights bill and set up a new Freedmen's Bureau – both designed to prevent racial discrimination by Southern legislatures. Following this, the Congress passed a 14th Amendment to the Constitution, stating that "all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside." This repudiated the Dred Scott ruling, which had denied slaves their right of citizenship....
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