Growth and Transformation After two great wars, the United States comes of age REVOLUTION IN AGRICULTURE Despite the great gains in industry, agriculture remained the nation's basic occupation. The revolution in agriculture – paralleling that in manufacturing after the Civil War – involved a shift from hand labor to machine farming, and from subsistence t o commercial agriculture. Between 1860 and 1910, the number of farms in the United States tripled, increasing from two million to six million, while the area farmed more than doubled from 160 million to 352 million hectares. Between 1860 and 1890, the production of such basic commodities as wheat, corn, and cotton outstripped all previous figures in the United States. In the same period, the nation's population more than doubled, with the largest growth in the cities. But the
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young prairie town, great wars, agriculture – paralleling, great gains, basic occupation