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The Civil War and Reconstructio4

The Civil War and Reconstructio4 - ,,refusedtoratifythe...

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The Civil War and Reconstruction Lincoln’s leadership and end of slavery All the Southern state legislatures, with the exception of Tennessee, refused to ratify the  amendment, some voting against it unanimously. In addition, Southern state legislatures  passed “codes” to regulate the African-American freedmen. The codes differed from  state to state, but some provisions were common. African Americans were required to  enter into annual labor contracts, with penalties imposed in case of violation; dependent  children were subject to compulsory apprenticeship and corporal punishments by  masters; vagrants could be sold into private service if they could not pay severe fines. Many Northerners interpreted the Southern response as an attempt to reestablish  slavery and repudiate the hard-won Union victory in the Civil War.  It did not help that  Johnson, although a Unionist, was a Southern Democrat with an addiction to 
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