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The Civil War and Reconstructio3

The Civil War and Reconstructio3 - Senate approval for the...

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The Civil War and Reconstruction Lincoln’s leadership and end of slavery The Radical Republicans in Congress were infuriated by President Johnson's vetoes  (even though they were overridden) of legislation protecting newly freed African  Americans and punishing former Confederate leaders by depriving them of the right to  hold office. Congressional antipathy to Johnson was so great that, for the first time in  American history, impeachment proceedings were instituted to remove the president  from office. Johnson's main offense was his opposition to punitive congressional policies and the  violent language he used in criticizing them. The most serious legal charge his enemies  could level against him was that, despite the Tenure of Office Act (which required 
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Unformatted text preview: Senate approval for the removal of any officeholder the Senate had previously confirmed), he had removed from his Cabinet the secretary of war, a staunch supporter of the Congress. When the impeachment trial was held in the Senate, it was proved that Johnson was technically within his rights in removing the Cabinet member. Even more important, it was pointed out that a dangerous precedent would be set if the Congress were to remove a president because he disagreed with the majority of its members. The final vote was one short of the two-thirds required for conviction....
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