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Growth and Transformati13

Growth and Transformati13 - Apache Navajo and Hopi A mere...

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Growth and Transformation After two great wars, the United States comes of age THE LAST FRONTIER In 1865 the frontier line generally followed the western limits of the states bordering the  Mississippi River, but bulged outward beyond the eastern sections of Texas, Kansas,  and Nebraska. Then, running north and south for nearly 1,600 kilometers, loomed huge  mountain ranges, many rich in silver, gold, and other metals.  To their west, plains and  deserts stretched to the wooded coastal ranges and the Pacific Ocean.  Apart from the  settled districts in California and scattered outposts, the vast inland region was  populated by Native Americans: among them the Great Plains tribes – Sioux and  Blackfoot, Pawnee and Cheyenne – and the Indian cultures of the Southwest, including 
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Unformatted text preview: Apache, Navajo, and Hopi. A mere quarter-century later, virtually all this country had been carved into states and territories. Miners had ranged over the whole of the mountain country, tunneling into the earth, establishing little communities in Nevada, Montana, and Colorado. Cattle ranchers, taking advantage of the enormous grasslands, had laid claim to the huge expanse stretching from Texas to the upper Missouri River. Sheep herders had found their way to the valleys and mountain slopes. Farmers sank their plows into the plains and closed the gap between the East and West. By 1890 the frontier line had disappeared....
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  • Fall '10
  • frontier line, Great Plains tribes, wooded coastal ranges, Pacific Ocean.   Apart, vast inland region, River. Sheep herders

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