Growth and Transformati12

Growth and Transformati12 - Aftertwogreatwars, ,...

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Growth and Transformation After two great wars, the United States comes of age Settlement was spurred by the Homestead Act of 1862, which granted free farms of 64  hectares to citizens who would occupy and improve the land. Unfortunately for the  would-be farmers, much of the Great Plains was suited more for cattle ranching than  farming, and by 1880 nearly 22,400,000 hectares of "free" land was in the hands of  cattlemen or the railroads. In 1862 Congress also voted a charter to the Union Pacific Railroad, which pushed  westward from Council Bluffs, Iowa, using mostly the labor of ex-soldiers and Irish  immigrants. At the same time, the Central Pacific Railroad began to build eastward from  Sacramento, California, relying heavily on Chinese immigrant labor. The whole country  was stirred as the two lines steadily approached each other, finally meeting on May 10,  1869, at Promontory Point in Utah. The months of laborious travel hitherto separating 
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  • Fall '10
  • PIETRZAK
  • Union Pacific Railroad, Pacific Railroad, central pacific railroad, continental rail network, Chinese immigrant labor., Mississippi Valley area

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