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Growth and Transformati10

Growth and Transformati10 - detachment of cavalry...

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Growth and Transformation After two great wars, the United States comes of age Conflicts with the Plains Indians worsened after an incident where the Dakota (part of  the Sioux nation), declaring war against the U.S. government because of long-standing  grievances, killed five white settlers.  Rebellions and attacks continued through the Civil  War. In 1876 the last serious Sioux war erupted, when the Dakota gold rush penetrated  the Black Hills. The Army was supposed to keep miners off Sioux hunting grounds, but  did little to protect the Sioux lands. When ordered to take action against bands of Sioux  hunting on the range according to their treaty rights, however, it moved quickly and  vigorously. In 1876, after several indecisive encounters, Colonel George Custer, leading a small 
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Unformatted text preview: detachment of cavalry encountered a vastly superior force of Sioux and their allies on the Little Bighorn River. Custer and his men were completely annihilated. Nonetheless the Native-American insurgency was soon suppressed. Later, in 1890, a ghost dance ritual on the Northern Sioux reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, led to an uprising and a last, tragic encounter that ended in the death of nearly 300 Sioux men, women, and children. Long before this, however, the way of life of the Plains Indians had been destroyed by an expanding white population, the coming of the railroads, and the slaughter of the buffalo, almost exterminated in the decade after 1870 by the settlers’ indiscriminate hunting....
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