Growth and Transformatio5

Growth and Transformatio5 - Officially, U.S. policy...

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Growth and Transformation After two great wars, the United States comes of age From Boston to San Francisco, whistles blew and flags waved when word came that  Santiago had fallen. Newspapers dispatched correspondents to Cuba and the  Philippines, who trumpeted the renown of the nation's new heroes. Chief among them  were Commodore Dewey and Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, who had resigned as  assistant secretary of the navy to lead his volunteer regiment, the "Rough Riders," to  service in Cuba. Spain soon sued for an end to the war.  The peace treaty signed on  December 10, 1898, transferred Cuba to the United States for temporary occupation  preliminary to the island's independence. In addition, Spain ceded Puerto Rico and  Guam in lieu of war indemnity, and the Philippines for a U.S. payment of $20 million.
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Unformatted text preview: Officially, U.S. policy encouraged the new territories to move toward democratic self-government, a political system with which none of them had any previous experience. In fact, the United States found itself in a colonial role. It maintained formal administrative control in Puerto Rico and Guam, gave Cuba only nominal independence, and harshly suppressed an armed independence movement in the Philippines. (The Philippines gained the right to elect both houses of its legislature in 1916. In 1936 a largely autonomous Philippine Commonwealth was established. In 1946, after World War II, the islands finally attained full independence.)...
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course AMH AMH2010 taught by Professor Pietrzak during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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