Growth and Transformatio4

Growth and Transformatio4 - enjoy all the political and...

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Growth and Transformation After two great wars, the United States comes of age U.S. colonial policy tended toward democratic self-government.  As it had done with the  Philippines, in 1917 the U.S. Congress granted Puerto Ricans the right to elect all of  their legislators. The same law also made the island officially a U.S. te rritory and gave its people American citizenship. In 1950 Congress granted Puerto Rico  complete freedom to decide its future.  In 1952, the citizens voted to reject either  statehood or total independence, and chose instead a commonwealth status that has  endured despite the efforts of a vocal separatist movement.  Large numbers of Puerto  Ricans have settled on the mainland, to which they have free access and where they 
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Unformatted text preview: enjoy all the political and civil rights of any other citizen of the United States. THE CANAL AND THE AMERICAS The war with Spain revived U.S. interest in building a canal across the isthmus of Panama, uniting the two great oceans. The usefulness of such a canal for sea trade had long been recognized by the major commercial nations of the world; the French had begun digging one in the late 19th century but had been unable to overcome the engineering difficulties. Having become a power in both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, the United States saw a canal as both economically beneficial and a way of providing speedier transfer of warships from one ocean to the other....
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