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Growth and Transformation

Growth and Transformation - Japanese War of 1904-05 in many...

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Growth and Transformation After two great wars, the United States comes of age With the Boxer Rebellion of 1900, the Chinese struck out against foreigners. In June,  insurgents seized Beijing and attacked the foreign legations there. Hay promptly  announced to the European powers and Japan that the United States would oppose any  disturbance of Chinese territorial or administrative rights and restated the Open Door  policy. Once the rebellion was quelled, Hay protected China from crushing indemnities.   Primarily for the sake of American good will, Great Britain, Germany, and lesser colonial  powers formally affirmed the Open Door policy and Chinese independence.  In practice,  they consolidated their privileged positions in the country. A few years later, President Theodore Roosevelt mediated the deadlocked Russo-
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Unformatted text preview: Japanese War of 1904-05, in many respects a struggle for power and influence in the northern Chinese province of Manchuria. Roosevelt hoped the settlement would provide open-door opportunities for American business, but the former enemies and other imperial powers succeeded in shutting the Americans out. Here as elsewhere, the United States was unwilling to deploy military force in the service of economic imperialism. The president could at least content himself with the award of the Nobel Peace Prize (1906). Despite gains for Japan, moreover, U.S. relations with the proud and newly assertive island nation would be intermittently difficult through the early decades of the 20th century....
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