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Westward Expansion and Regional Differenc19

Westward Expansion and Regional Differenc19 - independence...

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Westward Expansion and Regional Differences Nation, slavery grow in new frontier LATIN AMERICA AND THE MONROE DOCTRINE During the opening decades of the 19th century, Central and South America turned to  revolution. The idea of liberty had stirred the people of Latin America from the time the  English colonies gained their freedom. Napoleon's conquest of Spain and Portugal in  1808 provided the signal for Latin Americans to rise in revolt. By 1822, ably led by  Simón Bolívar, Francisco Miranda, José de San Martín and Miguel de Hidalgo, most of  Hispanic America – from Argentina and Chile in the south to Mexico in the north – had  won independence. The people of the United States took a deep interest in what seemed a repetition of their  own experience in breaking away from European rule. The Latin American 
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Unformatted text preview: independence movements confirmed their own belief in self-government. In 1822 President James Monroe, under powerful public pressure, received authority to recognize the new countries of Latin America and soon exchanged ministers with them. He thereby confirmed their status as genuinely independent countries, entirely separated from their former European connections. At just this point, Russia, Prussia, and Austria formed an association called the Holy Alliance to protect themselves against revolution. By intervening in countries where popular movements threatened monarchies, the alliance – joined by post-Napoleonic France – hoped to prevent the spread of revolution. This policy was the antithesis of the American principle of self-determination....
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