Westward Expansion and Regional Differenc22

Westward Expansion and Regional Differenc22 - to the...

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Westward Expansion and Regional Differences Nation, slavery grow in new frontier In addition, Westerners advocated a national system of roads and canals to link them  with Eastern cities and ports, and to open frontier lands for settlement. However, they  were unsuccessful in pressing their demands for a federal role in internal improvement  because of opposition from New England and the South. Roads and canals remained  the province of the states until the passage of the Federal Aid Road Act of 1916. The  position  of the federal government at this time was greatly strengthened by several  Supreme Court decisions. A committed Federalist, John Marshall of Virginia, became  chief justice in 1801 and held office until his death in 1835. The court – weak before his  administration – was transformed into a powerful tribunal, occupying a position co-equal 
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Unformatted text preview: to the Congress and the president. In a succession of historic decisions, Marshall established the power of the Supreme Court and strengthened the national government. Marshall was the first in a long line of Supreme Court justices whose decisions have molded the meaning and application of the Constitution. When he finished his long service, the court had decided nearly 50 cases clearly involving constitutional issues. In one of Marshall's most famous opinions Marbury v. Madison (1803) he decisively established the right of the Supreme Court to review the constitutionality of any law of Congress or of a state legislature. In McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), he boldly upheld the Hamiltonian theory that the Constitution by implication gives the government powers beyond those expressly stated....
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