Westward Expansion and Regional Differenc21

Westward Expansion and Regional Differenc21 - for during...

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Westward Expansion and Regional Differences Nation, slavery grow in new frontier EXTENSION OF SLAVERY Slavery, which up to now had received little public attention, began to assume much  greater importance as a national issue. In the early years of the republic, when the  Northern states were providing for immediate or gradual emancipation of the slaves,  many leaders had supposed that slavery would die out. In 1786 George Washington  wrote that he devoutly wished some plan might be adopted "by which slavery may be  abolished by slow, sure, and imperceptible degrees." Virginians Jefferson, Madison, and  Monroe and other leading Southern statesmen made similar statements. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 had banned slavery in the Northwest Territory. As late  as 1808, when the international slave trade was abolished, there were many  Southerners who thought that slavery would soon end.  The expectation proved false, 
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Unformatted text preview: for during the next generation, the South became solidly united behind the institution of slavery as new economic factors made slavery far more profitable than it had been before 1790. Chief among these was the rise of a great cotton-growing industry in the South, stimulated by the introduction of new types of cotton and by Eli Whitney's invention in 1793 of the cotton gin, which separated the seeds from cotton. At the same time, the Industrial Revolution, which made textile manufacturing a large-scale operation, vastly increased the demand for raw cotton. And the opening of new lands in the West after 1812 greatly extended the area available for cotton cultivation. Cotton culture moved rapidly from the Tidewater states on the East Coast through much of the lower South to the delta region of the Mississippi and eventually to Texas....
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