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Westward Expansion and Regional Differenc14

Westward Expansion and Regional Differenc14 - The Hartford...

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Westward Expansion and Regional Differences Nation, slavery grow in new frontier In 1832, Congress passed and Jackson signed a bill that revised the 1828 tariff  downward, but it was not enough to satisfy most South Carolinians.  The state adopted  an Ordinance of Nullification, which declared both  the tariffs of 1828 and 1832 null and void within state borders. Its legislature also passed  laws to enforce the ordinance, including authorization for raising a military force and  appropriations for arms.  Nullification was a long-established theme of protest against  perceived excesses by the federal government.  Jefferson and Madison had proposed it  in the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1798, to protest the Alien and Sedition Acts.  
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Unformatted text preview: The Hartford Convention of 1814 had invoked it to protest the War of 1812. Never before, however, had a state actually attempted nullification. The young nation faced its most dangerous crisis yet. In response to South Carolina's threat, Jackson sent seven small naval vessels and a man-of-war to Charleston in November 1832. On December 10, he issued a resounding proclamation against the nullifiers. South Carolina, the president declared, stood on "the brink of insurrection and treason," and he appealed to the people of the state to reassert their allegiance to the Union. He also let it be known that, if necessary, he personally would lead the U.S. Army to enforce the law....
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