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Westward Expansion and Regional Difference7

Westward Expansion and Regional Difference7 - states had...

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Westward Expansion and Regional Differences Nation, slavery grow in new frontier Another influential social movement that emerged during this period was the opposition  to the sale and use of alcohol, or the temperance movement. It stemmed from a variety  of concerns and motives: religious beliefs, the effect of alcohol on the work force, the  violence and suffering women and children experienced at the hands of heavy drinkers.  In 1826 Boston ministers organized the Society for the Promotion of Temperance. Seven  years later, in Philadelphia, the society convened a national convention, which formed  the American Temperance Union. The union called for the prohibition of all alcoholic  beverages, and pressed state legislatures to ban their production and sale. Thirteen 
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Unformatted text preview: states had done so by 1855, although the laws were subsequently challenged in court. They survived only in northern New England, but between 1830 and 1860 the temperance movement reduced Americans' per capita consumption of alcohol. Other reformers addressed the problems of prisons and care for the insane. Efforts were made to turn prisons, which stressed punishment, into penitentiaries where the guilty would undergo rehabilitation. In Massachusetts, Dorothea Dix led a struggle to improve conditions for insane persons, who were kept confined in wretched almshouses and prisons. After winning improvements in Massachusetts, she took her campaign to the South, where nine states established hospitals for the insane between 1845 and 1852....
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  • Fall '10
  • Massachusetts, northern New England, American Temperance Union., influential social movement, American Temperance Union. The union

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