Sectional Confli12

Sectional Confli12 - Meanwhile the cotton gin and westward...

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Sectional Conflict Slavery, sectionalism sow seeds of war THE ABOLITIONISTS In national politics, Southerners chiefly sought protection and enlargement of the  interests represented by the cotton/slavery system. They sought territorial expansion  because the wastefulness of cultivating a single crop, cotton, rapidly exhausted the soil,  increasing the need for new fertile lands.   Moreover, new territory would establish a  basis for additional slave states to offset the admission of new free states. Antislavery  Northerners saw in the Southern view a conspiracy for proslavery aggrandizement.  In  the 1830s their opposition became fierce. An earlier antislavery movement, an offshoot of the American Revolution, had won its  last victory in 1808 when Congress abolished the slave trade with Africa. Thereafter,  opposition came largely from the Quakers, who kept up a mild but ineffectual protest.  
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Unformatted text preview: Meanwhile, the cotton gin and westward expansion into the Mississippi delta region created an increasing demand for slaves. The abolitionist movement that emerged in the early 1830s was combative, uncompromising, and insistent upon an immediate end to slavery. This approach found a leader in William Lloyd Garrison, a young man from Massachusetts, who combined the heroism of a martyr with the crusading zeal of a demagogue. On January 1, 1831, Garrison produced the first issue of his newspaper, The Liberator , which bore the announcement: "I shall strenuously contend for the immediate enfranchisement of our slave population. . .. On this subject, I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation. . .. I am in earnest – I will not equivocate – I will not excuse – I will not retreat a single inch – AND I WILL BE HEARD."...
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  • Fall '10
  • William Lloyd Garrison, sectionalism sow seeds, additional slave states, earlier antislavery movement, new fertile lands., new free states.

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