Sectional Confli15

Sectional Confli15 - Union from 1861 to 1865 The South...

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Sectional Conflict Slavery, sectionalism sow seeds of war The Midwest, with its boundless prairies and swiftly growing population, flourished.  Europe and the older settled parts of America demanded its wheat and meat products.  The introduction of labor-saving implements – notably the McCormick reaper (a machine  to cut and harvest grain) – made possible an unparalleled increase in grain production.   The nation's wheat crops swelled from some 35 million hectoliters in 1850 to nearly 61  million in 1860, more than half grown in the Midwest. An important stimulus to the country’s prosperity was the great improvement in  transportation facilities; from 1850 to 1857 the Appalachian Mountain barrier was  pierced by five railway trunk lines linking the Midwest and the Northeast.  These links  established the economic interests that would undergird the political alliance of the 
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Unformatted text preview: Union from 1861 to 1865. The South lagged behind. It was not until the late 1850s that a continuous line ran through the mountains connecting the lower Mississippi River area with the southern Atlantic seaboard. SLAVERY AND SECTIONALISM One overriding issue exacerbated the regional and economic differences between North and South: slavery. Resenting the large profits amassed by Northern businessmen from marketing the cotton crop, many Southerners attributed the backwardness of their own section to Northern aggrandizement. Many Northerners, on the other hand, declared that slavery – the "peculiar institution" that the South regarded as essential to its economy – was largely responsible for the region's relative financial and industrial backwardness....
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  • Fall '10
  • sectionalism sow seeds, railway trunk lines, Appalachian Mountain barrier, southern Atlantic seaboard, Mississippi River area

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