Unformatted text preview: Union from 1861 to 1865. The South lagged behind. It was not until the late 1850s that a continuous line ran through the mountains connecting the lower Mississippi River area with the southern Atlantic seaboard. SLAVERY AND SECTIONALISM One overriding issue exacerbated the regional and economic differences between North and South: slavery. Resenting the large profits amassed by Northern businessmen from marketing the cotton crop, many Southerners attributed the backwardness of their own section to Northern aggrandizement. Many Northerners, on the other hand, declared that slavery – the "peculiar institution" that the South regarded as essential to its economy – was largely responsible for the region's relative financial and industrial backwardness....
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- Fall '10
- sectionalism sow seeds, railway trunk lines, Appalachian Mountain barrier, southern Atlantic seaboard, Mississippi River area