The Formation of a National Governme20

The Formation of a National Governme20 - compromise reached...

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The Formation of a National Government Leaders crafted constitutional, legal basis for young nation On the other hand, representatives of large states, like Virginia, argued for proportionate  representation. This debate threatened to go on endlessly until Roger Sherman came  forward with arguments for representation in proportion to the population of the states in  one house of Congress, the House of Representatives, and equal representation in the  other, the Senate. The alignment of large against small states then dissolved. But almost every succeeding  question raised new divisions, to be resolved only by new compromises. Northerners  wanted slaves counted when determining each state's tax share, but not in determining  the number of seats a state would have in the House of Representatives. According to a 
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Unformatted text preview: compromise reached with little dissent, tax levies and House membership would be apportioned according to the number of free inhabitants plus three-fifths of the slaves. Certain members, such as Sherman and Elbridge Gerry, still smarting from Shays’s Rebellion, feared that the mass of people lacked sufficient wisdom to govern themselves and thus wished no branch of the federal government to be elected directly by the people. Others thought the national government should be given as broad a popular base as possible. Some delegates wished to exclude the growing West from the opportunity of statehood; others championed the equality principle established in the Northwest Ordinance of 1787....
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